The theme selected for this year’s annual outage was safe lifting.
Like other safety, the safety of lifting is also based on
- a risk assessment
- the proper work procedures
- the use of correctly selected and inspected work equipment
- the related legislation and the plant’s guidelines, e.g. on qualifications, must be complied with.
In manual lifting, it’s best to maintain control of your back by keeping the load close to your body, using your legs to help with the lift, and no extending outward. Lift from a squatting position rather than using your back. Avoid twisting your back when you are lifting. Lifting accessories should be used as needed.
Lifting with crane
When using a crane, lifter, or mobile lifting devices, the following points must be factored in:
- Cranes can be operated only by individuals who are trained in the use of the crane in question.
- The weight of the load, shape, centre of gravity, hoisting points, hoisting route, and the correct hoisting procedure must be determined for the hoist.
- A written hoist plan must be created for demanding hoists.
- A signaller, slinger and hoist supervisor must be agreed upon in a pre-job briefing before the hoist and they must be trained for their tasks.
- Ensure that the lifting points and lifting accessories are appropriate for the load, intact and inspected.
- The above mentioned also applies to mobile hoists and lifting points.
- Movable lifting points can be installed relatively quickly when needed, although anticipating and planning are the key to success also in this.
- As a rule, process equipment is not used as lifting points.
- Prevent outsiders from accessing the hoist area and demarcate the hoist area when necessary.
- Individuals not included in the hoist procedure must also take notice of the ongoing hoists and stay away from the hoist area. If it is necessary to move the load over a work team’s job site, agree on when the hoist will be performed and move away from the hoisting route for the duration of the lifting work.
- If the person performing the hoist has not noticed people at the site, the work team must get the attention of the individuals performing the hoist to interrupt the hoist and, if necessary, move away from the lifting route during the work.
- If hatches must be opened or components removed from work surfaces for the hoisting work, railings must be erected around them before the gap is made.
- Remember info signs with contact information when demarking areas.
- Elevated loads must not be left unsupervised during breaks.