Global natural resource scarcity means that energy production efficiency and efficient use of energy are increasingly important. Combined heat and power (CHP) production addresses both of those issues: over 90% of the fuel's primary energy is used to produce district heating and electricity. Compared to separate production, co-generation also reduces environmental emissions by 25-40%.
Most of our CHP plants are located in urban areas where there is a significant demand for district heating. Most of the plants have been equipped with an additional condenser that enables increased electricity production in the summer when heat production is at a much lower level. In 2015, our own CHP plants accounted for 89% of our heat production and 25% of electricity generation.
The efficiency and operational economy of CHP plants allows for flexible use of various energy sources. Fortum's CHP plants use a variety of fuels, such as biomass and waste as well as traditional fossil fuels. Read more about the fuels we use.