The Norwegian Government has launched the full-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) project and named the project “Longship” as a nod to the Viking heritage. The goal is to capture CO2, transport it to terminals and store it deep underground in reservoirs on the Norwegian continental shelf. It is one of the first industrial CCS projects to develop an open access infrastructure with the intent and the capacity to store significant volumes of CO2 from across the European continent.
The Norwegian government will fully fund the transport and storage parts and one complete carbon capture project. They have given conditional support to Fortum Oslo Varme’s project depending on additional funding from other parties, such as the EU.
Northern Lights is the transport and storage component of Norway’s Longship project and will collect liquefied CO2 by ships from the capture facilities and transport it to an onshore terminal on the Norwegian west coast. From there, transports the liquefied CO2 by pipeline to a subsea storage location in the North Sea. When Northern Lights starts operations in 2024, it will be the first ever cross-border, open-source CO2 transport and storage infrastructure network. Northern Lights is a joint venture of Equinor, Shell and Total.
Fortum Oslo Varme’s Waste-to-energy plant at Klemetsrud
Fortum Oslo Varme’s Waste-to-energy plant at Klemetsrud on the outskirts of Oslo, Norway’s capital could be the world's first of its kind with full-scale carbon capture. The plant will be able to capture 400,000 tonnes of CO2 a year, and provide store transfer opportunities to
other industrial plants in the Nordic region and Europe. Fortum Oslo Varme's CCS project shows how cities across Europe best possibly can handle waste that should not or cannot be recycled. The excess heat from the end treatment of residual waste is used to produce electricity, district heating and soon cooling to the city of Oslo.
The flue gas from the end treatment of waste is currently cleaned of dioxins, NOX and CO. Now Fortum wants to capture the CO2. A 5500 hour pilot in 2019 demonstrated the possibility to capturing more than 90 % of all CO2 in the flue gas. Estimately 50% of the waste incinerated at the plant is of biological origin such as non-recyclable food scraps, paper and wood, making the plant carbon-negative. When capturing CO2 from biological origin, it means that CO2 is taken out of the atmosphere. This is also known as bio-CCS, or BECCS, something that both the European Commission, the UN and the International Energy Agency all emphasize is of the utmost importance for achieving the world's climate goals.
The City of Oslo has ambitious climate targets and needs CO2 capture at the waste-to-energy plant to reach its goal. The carbon capture project is also strongly rooted in Fortum’s strategy to build a cleaner world.
Fortum Oslo Varme’s Carbon Capture project
City solutions by responsible waste handling
- Goal to capture about 400 000 tonnes CO2 per year, 90% cleaning of CO2
- CCS at Waste-to-Energy plants will capture both fossil and biological CO2 (50 % BECCS)
- CO2 transport to port via emission free trucks
- WtE-plant not at port.
- Successful pilot testing on real flue gas;
- 5500 test hours, up to 95 % capture
- Technology supplier with full-scale experience (Shell’s amine), EPC contractor TechnipFMC
- Feasibility, Concept and FEED studies completed 2015-2019
- Fortum Oslo Varme's carbon capture project is one of 70 projects that in the March of 2021 was qualified for a final and more comprehensive application round for support from the EU Innovation Fund.
- The application for the second stage was submitted June 23rd 2021.
- The project has applied for funding in the EU Innovation fund’s second call in March 2022.