A full-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) project initiated in Norway
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is one of the most important technologies for combating climate change. Fortum's CCS project in Oslo can annually remove as much pollution from the atmosphere as that of 60,000 cars.
The Norwegian Government has initiated a full-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) project in Norway. There are two capture projects that are part of the pre-engineering project: Heidelberg Norcem cement factory in Telemark and Fortum Oslo Varme waste-to-energy plant in Oslo.
The Norwegian Parliament has approved the revised national budget for the second half of 2018 and it includes funding for the Heidelberg Norcem cement factory in Telemark and Fortum Oslo Varme’s projects to begin advanced planning. Both facilities plan to capture around 400,000 tons of CO2. This amount is equivalent to removing 60,000 cars from the road for a year.
The CO2 will be transported by ship from the capture plant to an onshore facility on Norway’s west coast for temporary storage. The CO2 will then be transported via a pipeline to a subsea reservoir in the North Sea for storage. Equinor, with its partners Shell and Total, are responsible for the planning of the storage facility. The storage concept study will be completed during the course of 2018 followed by an advanced planning study. Once these studies are completed for all stages of the CCS chain, the basis for an investment decision will be in place.
Equinor and its partners have assumed responsibility for the transport part of the project during the advanced planning phase.
Investment decision in 2020/2021
Atkins and Oslo Economics have provided quality assurance on the project. The total cost (investment and operating costs for five years) for Fortum Oslo Varme is NOK 13.1 billion.
The Norwegian Parliament is expected to make an investment decision for the project in 2020/2021. The project will then be able to commence operations in 2023/2024.
Introduction to Fortum Oslo Varme’s CCS project
Fortum Oslo Varme’s Managing Director Eirik F. Tandberg presents the carbon capture project in Oslo in a 10-minute video below.
Klemetsrud waste-to-energy plant
Fortum Oslo Varme’s waste-to-energy plant at Klemetsrud incinerate more than 400,000 tones of waste per year. The waste heat from the incineration is used to produce electricity, district heating and cooling to the city of Oslo.
The emissions from the plant contains steam and CO2. The flue gas is currently cleaned out of dioxins, NOX and CO. Now Fortum wants to capture the CO2. A pilot demonstrated the possibility to capture 90% of all CO2 in the flue gas. 58% of the waste incinerated at the plant is of biological origin, making the plant carbon-negative.
Carbon capture from waste incineration helps to solve two major global problems: the waste problem and the climate problem. Waste has large impacts on health, environment and climate.