Bio2X - High-value products from biomass

We are living in a world with diminishing natural resources, and we aspire to be one of the forerunners in resource efficiency. For the world’s future, biomass is a valuable raw material that can be used to produce many more products of value than today.

Fortum Bio2X video

Our mission is to produce high-value products from agro-residues and woody biomass to replace fossil and other environmentally detrimental raw materials.

We aim to fractionate biomass in refineries to its main components and further process them to high-value products. The fractionation technologies are in the core of Bio2X. In fractionation, biomass is separated into lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose with high yields and purities. The fractions have more advantageous properties in further product manufacturing than those from traditional pulp and biofuel processes. These fractions can be used to replace fossil-derived raw materials in many industrial and consumer sectors.

The first step – Joint venture biorefinery in India

In developing countries, agricultural waste is typically burned in the fields causing local pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Our aim is to transform this waste into valuable products, reduce pollution and increase welfare with our Bio2X ecosystems.

Bio2X is a journey which has just begun. We have made our first step by investing in a first commercial biorefinery in India. The plant will use bamboo as raw material, and it will produce bioethanol, biochemicals and excess electricity. In the long run, we want to minimise biomass-based energy production and focus on high-value products. 


fortum bio2x straw


More end products – less resource usage

The decentralised refineries enable the flexible usage of locally available raw materials which have previously been considered as waste.

One good example is the straw. Burning straw on fields causes significant climate problems in India. Instead of burning, the straw could be used to produce, e.g. textile fibres.

If a cotton field is replaced with wheat and 30% of the wheat straw is utilised in Bio2X ecosystem, we could get the same amount of textile fibres with less water usage. At the same time, the wheat field would also produce grain. As a result, we would have more natural end products with less resource usage and significantly smaller environmental impact.

Work with us

We cannot do this alone. Therefore, we aim to build ecosystems with those who share our vision and have a strong drive to change the world.  Are you interested in increasing bio-based content in your products - with our fractions? Or, do you have a game-changing technology for biomass valorization or productization? Let's find out what we can create together!

Work for us

Do you share our vision? Do you have unique competence which could help us together make our vision come true? Do you have a passion for joining the change for a cleaner world? If yes, send us your story and tell us why you would be the right person to join our Bio2X team.

Contact us at: bio2X (at)

ForBest project

Fortum ForBest

ForBest project will target to significantly increase the value of biomass – at the same site with small and large partners together. Fortum and the partners will validate and optimize novel biomass fractionation and refining technologies to produce high-quality cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, and further develop high-value end products from these fractions: e.g. sustainable textiles, industrial dispersants and ingredients for consumer goods. Various raw materials will be studied, e.g. wood, agricultural residues (e.g straws) and recycled materials, to enable flexible process solutions.

In ForBest, Fortum will collaborate with SMEs, start-ups, large companies and research institutes to create basis for the first biovillages, in which a fractionation-based biorefinery is integrated with further manufacturing processes according to target market demands.