Cellulose brings strength to the plants, whereas hemicellulose creates flexibility for the plant to bend without breaking. Lignin works like a glue that provides structural support.
Each fraction has a significant potential to replace fossil-based or otherwise unsustainable materials and products. Currently, only cellulose is widely utilized for higher value applications, while hemicellulose and lignin are typically burned for energy.
Fortum Bio2X applies an organosolv fractionation technology that can extract not only cellulose but also hemicellulose and lignin for high-value products.