- Comparable operating profit EUR 650 (654) million, -1%
- Operating profit EUR 603 (739) million, of which EUR -47 (85) million relates to items affecting comparability, i.e. derivatives and sales gains
- Earnings per share EUR 0.45 (0.56), -20%, of which EUR -0.04 (0.10) per share relates to items affecting comparability, i.e. derivatives and sales gains
- Strong cash flow EUR 646 (553) million
- Assessment of the strategic position of the electricity distribution business was started
- New defined timetables for Nyagan unit 2 and 3 − target of EUR 500 million in run-rate EBIT for the Russia Division during 2015
|Sales, EUR million||1,991||1,901||6,159||6,249|
|Operating profit, EUR million||603||739||1,874||1,738|
|Comparable operating profit, EUR million||650||654||1,752||1,748|
|Profit before taxes, EUR million||559||655||1,586||1,490|
|Earnings per share, EUR||0.45||0.56||1.59||1.49|
|Net cash from operating activities, EUR million||646||553||1,382||1,475|
|Shareholders’ equity per share, EUR||11.82||11.48||11.30||N/A|
| Interest-bearing net debt |
(at end of period), EUR million
|Average number of shares, 1,000s||888,367||888,367||888,367||888,367|
|Key financial ratios||2012*||LTM|
|Return on capital employed, %||10.2||9.1|
|Return on shareholders’ equity, %||14.6||13.0|
|Comparable net debt/EBITDA||3.2||3.1|
*Comparative period figures for 2012 presented in the interim report are restated due to an accounting change for pensions.
- Fortum currently expects the annual electricity demand growth in the Nordic countries to be on average 0.5% in the coming years.
- Capital expenditure guidance: EUR 1.1-1.4 billion in 2013 and EUR 0.9-1.1 billion in 2014.
- Power Division's Nordic generation hedges: For the rest of 2013, 80% hedged at EUR 45 per megawatt-hour (MWh); for 2014, 45% hedged at EUR 42 per MWh.
Fortum’s CFO Markus Rauramo
”Fortum's first quarter comparable result was good. Group comparable operating profit totalled EUR 650 million and was at last year's first-quarter level. Net cash flow from operating activities was EUR 646 million. The cash flow improved compared to the first quarter last year, even though the stronger Swedish krona (SEK) impacted negatively. The efficiency programme that was launched in 2012 has proceeded according to plan.
In the Power Division, the effect of increased nuclear and thermal volumes combined with declined hydro volumes, due to lower water reservoir levels, and a lower achieved power price impacted the comparable result negatively. Nuclear availability was at a high level in all of the reactors except Oskarshamn 1, which was out of operation for the entire quarter.
The Heat Division's comparable operating profit in the first quarter increased compared to the first quarter in 2012. The increase was mainly attributable to the higher volumes in Sweden, lower fixed costs and a stronger SEK currency. In Finland, a new sales concept for bio-oil was launched; besides heat and electricity, bio-oil will be produced in future CHP+ plants where pyrolysis is integrated in the CHP production.
In late March, Fortum finished the final stages in the construction of its Nyagan power plant unit 1 and, after thorough analysis, we now estimate that the commissioning of Nyagan unit 2 will take place at the end of 2013 and Nyagan 3 will be finalised at the end of 2014 at the latest. The overall schedule and financial targets of the investment programme − planned to be constructed by the end of 2014 and reaching about EUR 500 million in run-rate operating profit (EBIT) during 2015 − have not been changed. The Russia Division’s comparable operating profit declined in the first quarter of 2013 compared to the same period in 2012. The positive effect from the commissioning of the new units was mainly offset by lower heat volumes.
In January, Fortum announced that the company is assessing the strategic position of its electricity distribution business. The assessment is expected to be finalised during 2013. During the first quarter, the Distribution business area's comparable operating profit increased. The result increase is mainly due to higher volumes because of colder weather than last year, a stronger SEK and the costs related to the massive storm at the end of 2011 that burdened the first-quarter result in 2012. Electricity Sales' comparable operating profit in the first quarter of 2013 was very good. The result increase was mainly the result of an bigger customer base as well as favourable wholesale market conditions during the first quarter of 2013.
During the quarter, a plan to decrease the corporate tax rate in Finland from 24.5% to 20% as of 1 January 2014 was announced. The decrease would cause a one-time positive effect. The Finnish Government also announced that the planned so-called windfall tax would be cut to EUR 50 million from EUR 170 million. At the same time, the process to update and increase the real estate taxation values for the year 2013 is ongoing in Sweden and is expected to be finalised in July 2013.
In April, the European Parliament voted against the backloading of carbon emissions allowances. Fortum considers the rejection of the "backloading" as a disappointment and a setback for a common European climate policy. There is an increasing risk that the European wide market-based emission trading scheme will be replaced by other measures to price CO2, such as national carbon taxes, carbon price floors and other policies, leading to a situation where there are 27 different climate policies instead of one. In such a situation, making investment decisions on electricity generation becomes demanding, and total cost of energy would increase. Despite the negative outcome in the Parliament, the Commission is not withdrawing the proposal; it was referred back to the Parliament’s Environmental Committee.
Customers, sustainability and safety are cornerstones in our daily work. The safety of our own staff was at a very good level during the first quarter, however, our contractors' safety performance need improvement. We have therefore intensified the focus on safety work with our suppliers on all levels. We met our sustainability targets on CO2 emissions, but were slightly below in fuel efficiency and plant availability. What is satisfactory, is that we clearly met the target-availability for our electricity customers, and that the number of both our heat and electricity customers continued to increase.
We will continue with our daily work to accomplish our long-term strategy. ”
Efficiency programme 2013-2014
Fortum started an efficiency programme in 2012 in order to maintain and strengthen its strategic flexibility and competitiveness, and to enable the company to reach its financial targets in the future.
The aim is to improve the company’s cash flow by more than approximately EUR 1 billion during 2013–2014 by reducing capital expenditures (capex) by EUR 250–350 million, divesting approximately EUR 500 million of non-core assets, reducing fixed costs and focusing on working capital efficiency.
Capex in 2013 will be EUR 1.1–1.4 billion and in 2014 EUR 0.9–1.1 billion. At the end of 2014, the cost run-rate will be approximately EUR 150 million lower compared to 2012, including growth projects.
If headcount reductions are needed, Fortum seeks to limit redundancies by using natural rotation and retirement whenever possible. The assessments will therefore be done at a unit level.
The programme has proceeded according to plan.
Restatement related to IFRS changes in pension accounting
Fortum is applying an amended IFRS standard for pensions as of 1 January, 2013. Adoption of the new standard is done retrospectively and comparative information for 2012 is therefore restated to reflect the change (Note 2). The change had only a minor impact on Fortum’s financial results and financial position; however, it reduced the equity by EUR 124 million as of 1 January 2012. The restated comparative figures for the year 2012 are presented in the attachment to this interim report.
In the first quarter of 2013, Group sales were EUR 1,991 (1,901) million. The comparable operating profit totalled EUR 650 (654) million and the reported operating profit totalled EUR 603 (739) million. Fortum's operating profit for the period was affected by non-recurring items, an IFRS accounting treatment (IAS 39) of derivatives mainly used for hedging Fortum's power production, and nuclear fund adjustments amounting to EUR -47 (85) million.
The share of profits from associates in the first quarter was EUR 29 (-7) million. The share of profits from Hafslund and TGC-1 are based on the companies' published fourth-quarter 2012 interim reports; however, the share of profits for TGC-1 fourth-quarter 2011 results were not included in the first quarter of 2012.
Sales by division
|Netting of Nord Pool transactions||-188||-188||-503||-503|
* Part of the Electricity Solutions and Distribution Division
Comparable operating profit by division
* Part of the Electricity Solutions and Distribution Division
Operating profit by division
* Part of the Electricity Solutions and Distribution Division
The Group’s net financial expenses decreased to EUR 73 (77) million. Net financial expenses were negatively affected by changes in the fair value of financial instruments of EUR -2 (-7) million.
Profit before taxes was EUR 559 (655) million.
Taxes for the period totalled EUR 107 (119) million. The tax rate according to the income statement was 19.2% (18.3%). The tax rate, excluding the impact of the share of profits of associated companies and joint ventures as well as non-taxable capital gains, was 20.6% (21.0%).
The profit for the period was EUR 452 (536) million. Fortum's earnings per share were EUR 0.45 (0.56), of which EUR -0.04 (0.10) per share relates to items affecting comparability.
Non-controlling (minority) interests amounted to EUR 51 (39) million. These are mainly attributable to Fortum Värme Holding AB, in which the city of Stockholm has a 50% economic interest.
Financial position and cash flow
In the first quarter of 2013, total net cash from operating activities increased by EUR 93 million to EUR 646 (553) million. Capital expenditures increased by EUR 15 million to EUR 287 (272) million. Proceeds from divestments totalled EUR 37 (276) million. Cash flow before financing activities, i.e. dividend distributions and financing, decreased by EUR 135 million to EUR 401 (536) million. The strong SEK had a negative impact on the cash flow through realised net foreign exchange losses related to the rollover of foreign exchange contract hedging loans to Fortum's Swedish subsidiaries. Realised foreign exchange gains and losses were EUR -108 (-84) million.
Assets and capital employed
Total assets increased by EUR 974 million to EUR 25,535 million (24,561 at year-end 2012). Non-current assets increased by EUR 299 million from EUR 21,677 million to EUR 21,976 million. The majority, EUR 319 million, came from the increased value of property, plants and equipment due to investments and the stronger Swedish krona and other currencies. The increase in current assets was EUR 675 million, totalling EUR 3,559 million. The increase relates mainly to the EUR 756 million increase in liquid funds and the higher trade and other receivables of EUR 39 million. The increase in current assets was partly offset by a EUR 99 million decrease in inventories.
Capital employed was EUR 20,322 million (19,420 at year-end 2012), an increase of EUR 902 million. The increase was mainly due to the higher amount of total assets, totalling EUR 25,535 million.
Total equity was EUR 11,170 million (10,643 at year-end 2012), of which equity attributable to owners of the parent company totalled EUR 10,503 (10,040) million and non-controlling interests EUR 667 (603) million.
Net debt decreased during the first quarter by EUR 371 million to EUR 7,443 (7,814 at year-end 2012) million.
In March 2013, Fortum issued two five-year bonds under its existing Euro Medium Term Note (EMTN) programme. The total nominal value was SEK 3,150 million (about EUR 376 million) consisting of SEK 2,000 million at a floating rate and SEK 1,150 million at a 2.75% fixed rate.
At the end of March 2013, the Group’s cash and cash equivalents totalled 1,719 (963 at year-end 2012) million, including cash and bank deposits held by OAO Fortum amounting to EUR 169 (128 at year-end 2012) million. In addition to cash and cash equivalents, Fortum had access to approximately EUR 2.7 billion of undrawn committed credit facilities.
The Group's net financial expenses during the first quarter of 2013 were EUR 73 (77) million. Net financial expenses include changes in fair value of financial instruments of EUR -2 (-7) million.
Fortum Corporation's long-term credit rating with S&P was A- (negative).
In February, Fortum decided to terminate its current rating relationship with Moody’s Investors Service. Moody’s had an A2 rating with a negative outlook. As of April, Fortum and Fitch Ratings entered into an agreement. Fitch will provide a rating of Fortum Corporation and any subsequently issued securities issued under Fortum's EMTN-program. Fitch's current long-term issuer default rating of Fortum Corporation is A-, negative outlook.
For the last twelve months, net debt to EBITDA was 3.1 (3.1 at year-end 2012) and comparable net debt to EBITDA 3.1 (3.2). Gearing was 67% (73%) and the equity-to-assets ratio 44% (43%). Equity per share was EUR 11.82 (11.30). For the last twelve months, return on capital employed was 9.1 (10.2) and return on equity 13.0 (14.6).
Key drivers and risks
Fortum's financial results are exposed to a number of strategic, political, financial and operational risks. The key factor influencing Fortum's business performance is the wholesale price of electricity in the Nordic region. The key drivers behind the wholesale price development in the Nordic region are the supply-demand balance, fuel and CO2 emissions allowance prices as well as the hydrological situation. The completion of Fortum’s investment programme in Russia is also one key driver to the company’s result growth, due to the increase in production volumes.
The continued global economic uncertainty and Europe's sovereign-debt crisis has kept the outlook for economic growth unpredictable. The overall economic uncertainty impacts commodity and CO2 emission allowance prices, and this could maintain downward pressure on the Nordic wholesale price for electricity in the short-term. In the Russian business, the key factors are the regulation around the heat business and further development of electricity and capacity markets. Operational risks related to the investment projects in the current investment programme are still valid. In all regions, fuel prices and power plant availability also impact the profitability. In addition, increased volatility in exchange rates due to financial turbulence could have both translation and transaction effects on Fortum's financials, especially through the SEK and RUB. In the Nordic countries, also the regulatory and fiscal environment for the energy sector has added risks for utility companies.
Despite macroeconomic uncertainty, electricity will continue to gain a higher share of the total energy consumption. Fortum currently expects the average annual growth rate in electricity consumption to be 0.5%, while the growth rate for the nearest years will largely be determined by macroeconomic development in Europe and especially in the Nordic countries.
During the first quarter of 2013, the price of coal and CO2 emissions allowances (EUA) declined clearly. The forward price of electricity for the upcoming twelve months increased in the Nordic area but decreased in Germany. The Nordic prices for the rest of 2013 are clearly above the short run marginal cost of coal-fired production, due to the low Nordic hydrological balance, which is a result of exceptionally low precipitation over winter.
In late April 2013, the future quotations for coal (ICE Rotterdam) for the rest of 2013 were around USD 80 per tonne, and the market price for CO2 emissions allowances (EUA) for 2013 was about EUR 3 per tonne.
In late April 2013, the electricity forward price in Nord Pool for the rest of 2013 was around EUR 37 per MWh. For 2014, the electricity forward price was around EUR 36 per MWh and for 2015 around EUR 35 per MWh. In Germany, the electricity forward price for the rest of 2013 was around EUR 37 per MWh and for 2014 EUR 39 per MWh.
In late April 2013, Nordic water reservoirs were about 7 TWh below the long-term average and 21 TWh below the corresponding level of 2012.
The Power Division's Nordic power price typically depends on such factors as the hedge ratios, hedge prices, spot prices, availability and utilisation of Fortum's flexible production portfolio, and currency fluctuations. Excluding the potential effects from the changes in the power generation mix, a 1 EUR/MWh change in the Power Division’s Nordic power sales price will result in an approximately EUR 45 million change in Fortum's annual comparable operating profit. In addition, the comparable operating profit of the Power Division will be affected by the possible thermal power generation amount and its profit.
The several years of ongoing Swedish nuclear investment programmes will enhance safety, improve availability and increase the capacity of the current nuclear fleet. The implementation of the investment programmes could, however, affect availability. Fortum’s power procurement costs from co-owned nuclear companies are affected by these investment programmes through increased depreciation and finance costs of associated companies.
The Russian wholesale power market is liberalised. However, all generating companies continue to sell a part of their electricity and capacity equalling the consumption of households and a special group of consumers (Northern Caucasus Republic, Tyva Republic, Buryat Republic) under regulated prices.
The generation capacity CSA built after 2007 under government receives guaranteed payments for a period of 10 years. Prices for capacity under CSA are defined in order to ensure a sufficient return on investments.
Capacity not under Capacity Supply Agreements (CSA – “new capacity”) competes in competitive capacity selection (CCS – “old capacity”). The capacity selection for 2013 was held at the end of 2012. The majority of Fortum’s power plants were selected in the auction, with a price level close to the level received in 2012. Approximately 10% (265 MW) of the old capacity was not allowed to participate in the selection for 2013, due to tightened minimal technical requirements. It will, however, receive capacity payments at the capacity market price for 2013.
The Russia Division's new capacity will be a key driver for earnings growth in Russia as it will bring income from new volumes sold and also receive considerably higher capacity payments than the old capacity. However, the received capacity payment will differ depending on the age, location, size and type of the plants as well as seasonality and availability. The return on the new capacity is guaranteed as regulated in the Capacity Supply Agreement. The regulator will review the earnings from the electricity-only market after three years and six years, after the commissioning of a unit, and could revise the CSA payments accordingly. CSA payments can vary somewhat annually because they are linked to Russian Government long-term bonds with 8 to 10 years maturity.
Fortum has worked hard to resolve the construction delays in Nyagan; after thorough analysis, the company now estimates the commissioning of Nyagan unit 2 will take place at the end of 2013 and that Nyagan 3 will be finalised at the end of 2014 at the latest. This will optimise the investment with regards to both capital and operational expenditures, and received electricity sales as well as capacity payments. The capacity payments for Nyagan unit 3 will start as of 1 January 2015. In accordance with the CSA terms, no penalties for unit 3 will be claimed before 1 January 2016.
In 2012, Fortum announced its decision to build the last two units of its Russian investment programme at Chelyabinsk in the Urals. Initially, the units were planned for construction in the Tyumen region in western Siberia. The units are included within the sphere of the Capacity Supply Agreement originally agreed in 2008 and are to be constructed at the Chelyabinsk GRES power plant. Fortum also plans to modernise and upgrade the existing power plant equipment.
The value of the remaining part of the investment programme, calculated at the exchange rates prevailing at the end of March 2013, is estimated to be approximately EUR 490 million as of April 2013.
After completing the on-going investment programme by the end of 2014, Fortum’s goal is to achieve an operating profit level (EBIT) of about EUR 500 million run-rate in its Russia Division during 2015 and to create positive economic added value in Russia.
A commission for heat business development has been set up by the Russian Government. Top priorities will be issues regarding heat regulation, centralised district heating and co-generation efficiency.
In February 2013, the Board of Russia's Federal Tariff Service (FST) adopted a decision according to which the wholesale gas price for industrial consumers is to be decreased by 3% as of the second quarter 2013, compared to first quarter. According to FST, this reduction follows the decrease in the estimated price of Russian natural gas in Europe. The reduction in the gas price has been driven by the price drop in heating oil, especially fuel oil, in Europe. Since the beginning of 2013, wholesale gas prices (except private household and industrial consumers) have been reviewed quarterly, following quarterly updates of fuel oil and gas oil prices in the nine-month period in Europe. According to applicable legislation, the price for natural gas will increase 15% year-on-year.
Efficiency programme 2013-2014
Due to the increasingly demanding business environment, Fortum started an efficiency programme in order to maintain and strengthen strategic flexibility and competitiveness and to enable the company to reach its financial targets in the future.
The aim is to improve the company’s cash flow by more than approximately EUR 1 billion during 2013—2014 by reducing capital expenditures (capex) by EUR 250—350 million, divesting approximately EUR 500 million of non-core assets, reducing fixed costs and focusing on working capital efficiency. At the end of 2014, the cost run-rate will be approximately EUR 150 million lower compared to 2012, including growth projects.
The Board's decision to review the strategic position of the electricity distribution business does not change the basics of the efficiency programme, which will continue as originally planned.
Fortum currently expects its capital expenditure in 2013 to be EUR 1.1—1.4 billion and in 2014 EUR 0.9—1.1 billion, excluding potential acquisitions. The annual maintenance capital expenditure is estimated to be about EUR 500—550 million in 2013, somewhat below the level of depreciation.
The effective corporate tax rate for Fortum in 2013 is estimated to be 19—21%, excluding the impact of the share of profits of associated companies and joint ventures, non-taxable capital gains and non-recurring items. In Finland, a plan to reduce the corporate tax rate from 24.5% to 20% starting 1 January 2014 has been presented. The decrease would cause a one-time positive effect that would be booked in the fourth quarter 2013. In Sweden, the corporate tax rate was decreased from 26.3% to 22% starting 1 January 2013.
The process to update the real estate taxation values for the year 2013 is ongoing in Sweden and is expected to be finalised in July 2013. It is estimated, based on the latest Swedish Government budget proposal, that Fortum's costs would increase by approximately EUR 40 million in 2013 compared to 2012. The update is done on a six-year cycle.
In March 2013, the Finnish Government announced that the planned so-called windfall tax, to be introduced in 2014, will be cut to EUR 50 million from EUR 170 million.
At the end of March 2013, approximately 80% of the Power Division's estimated Nordic power sales volume was hedged at approximately EUR 45 per MWh for the rest of the year 2013. The corresponding figures for the calendar year 2014 were about 45% at approximately EUR 42 per MWh.
The hedge price for the Power Division's Nordic generation excludes hedging of the condensing power margin. In addition, the hedge ratio excludes the financial hedges and physical volume of Fortum's coal-condensing generation as well as the division’s imports from Russia.
The reported hedge ratios may vary significantly, depending on Fortum's actions on the electricity derivatives markets. Hedges are mainly financial contracts, most of them Nord Pool forwards.
The Annual General Meeting 2013 decided to pay a dividend of EUR 1.00 per share for 2012. The record date for the dividend was 12 April 2013, and the dividend payment date was 19 April 2013.
Espoo, 24 April 2013
Board of Directors
Markus Rauramo, CFO, tel. +358 10 452 1909
Fortum’s Investor Relations, Sophie Jolly, +358 10 453 2552, Rauno Tiihonen, +358 10 453 6150 and Janna Haahtela, +358 10 453 2538 / investors [at] fortum [dot] com
The condensed interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard (IAS) 34, Interim Financial Reporting, as adopted by the EU. The interim financials have not been audited.
Publication of financial results in 2013:
- Interim Report January – June on 19 July 2013 at approximately 9:00 EEST
- Interim Report January – December on 23 October 2013 at approximately 9:00 EEST
NASDAQ OMX Helsinki
More information, including detailed quarterly information, is available on Fortum’s website at www.fortum.com/investors.